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Processing - time-related functions

Table of contents
  1. strftime
  2. timebucket
  3. timenow
  4. timerelative
  5. Example

All the time-related functions below require timestamp=f("@timestamp") at first.


Return the assigned format of timestamp.

  • strftime(format, timestamp, <timezone>)

<timezone> is optional: “America/New_York”, “GMT”, “UTC”, empty timezone means UTC.


Divide the timestamp into assigned number of slots or length of the time.

  • timebucket(“auto”, timestamp): divide the search range into 40 slots
  • timebucket(“1h”, timestamp): 1 hour time slot
  • timebucket(100, timestamp): divide into 100 slots


Return the current epoch time in minisecond.

  • timenow()


Calcuate the timestmap from a relative time text.

  • timerelative($timestamp,”relative_time”)


An example which contains all the time-related functions above is given:

search {from="-8d@d", to="@d"}  
let timestamp=f("@timestamp")
let Type=condition(timestamp>=timerelative(timenow(),"-1d@d"),"Yesterday","LastWeek")
timechart {span="1h"} count() by Type 
let Hour=strftime("%H:%M",timebucket("1h", timestamp))  
aggregate YesterdayCount=max(Yesterday), AvgCount=avg(LastWeek) by Hour

condition and timechart

In this example, timerelative is used to determine if a timestep belongs to “Yesterday”(timenow() is later than “-1d@d”) or “LastWeek”(timenow() is earlier than “-1d@d”).

Then, timebucket is used for dividing the timestamp into units with length of 1h, and the timestamp is coverted to a format of “%H:%M” for presentation by strftime. It should be mentioned that, for this sentence let Hour=strftime("%H:%M",timebucket("1h", timestamp)), the timebucket is not absoluely neccessary since we have already assigned the format of “%H:%M” by strftime.